The gentlemen`s agreement was a non-binding agreement made between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan in 1907. It was intended to address a number of issues affecting their relationship, primarily in Asia and the Pacific.
At the time, the two nations were competing for influence in the region, and tensions were rising as a result. The United States had recently acquired the territories of Guam and the Philippines, and was expanding its interests in the Pacific. Japan, meanwhile, was rapidly modernizing its economy and military, and was seeking greater access to resources and markets in the region.
The gentlemen`s agreement was not a formal treaty, but rather an informal understanding between the two nations. It focused on two main issues: immigration and territorial disputes.
The immigration issue concerned the influx of Japanese immigrants to the United States. At the time, many Americans felt threatened by the growing number of Japanese immigrants, who they viewed as a threat to their jobs and way of life. The gentlemen`s agreement sought to limit Japanese immigration by requiring Japan to restrict the number of emigrants to the United States.
The territorial disputes were centered on Korea and the Pacific islands. The United States and Japan both had interests in these regions, and tensions were rising as a result. The gentlemen`s agreement sought to resolve these disputes by recognizing Japan`s interests in Korea and the United States` interests in the Pacific islands.
Overall, the gentlemen`s agreement was intended to reduce tensions between the United States and Japan, and to promote a more stable and cooperative relationship in the Pacific. While it was not a formal treaty, it played an important role in shaping the relationship between the two nations in the years leading up to World War II.